After acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, about 30.2% of people had post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is in line with PTSD prevalence among survivors of previous coronavirus illnesses and PTSD prevalence reported after other types of collective traumatic events. Those with PTSD more frequently had persistent medical symptoms, often described by individuals after recovery from severe COVID-19. Those with PTSD after COVID-19 were more likely to share the following characteristics:
- Female gender, which has been extensively described as a risk factor for PTSD,
- History of psychiatric disorders
- Delirium or agitation during acute illness
In view of reports describing association of previous coronavirus epidemics with PTSD diagnoses in post-illness stages, the researchers sought to gain information about the incidence of PTSD among people with COVID-19. They analyzed a group of health care consumers with COVID-19 who underwent treatment at the emergency department, most of whom necessitated hospitalization, eventually recovered, and were afterwards referred to a post-acute care service for multidisciplinary assessment. In this cross-sectional study, they studied a total of 381 consecutive consumers referred for a post-recovery health check to a post-acute care service established at the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS in Rome, Italy.
This was reported by JAMA Psychiatry on February 18, 2021, at https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/2776722.
Contact information: Delfina Janiri, M.D., Department of Psychiatry, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, Largo Francesco Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org