IV. Continued Expansion As in previous decades, EAP expansion during the 1990s and into the 2000s continued exponentially. Similar to findings of earlier employer surveys, however, uptake of EAPs by size of organization showed significant differences, with larger work organizations more frequent adopters. Variation by industry sector was also noted, with greater penetration among communications, utilities, transportation, finance and government employers, and lowest penetration among construction, mining, and service sectors (Hartwell, et al., 1996; U.S. Department of Labor, 2008). As additional numbers of employers (from Wall Street corporations, manufacturing plants, sports teams, hospitals, and school systems), adopted . . .