Children in poverty are more likely to have cognitive and behavioral difficulties than their better-off peers and children living in poverty as preschoolers have smaller volumes of certain subcortical brain regions, including the hippocampus, caudate, putamen, and thalamus. These findings were presented in “Early Childhood Socioeconomic Status and Cognitive and Adaptive Outcomes at the Transition to Adulthood: The Mediating Role of Gray Matter Development Across 5 Scan Waves,” by Deanna M. Barch, Meghan Rose Donohue, Nourhan M. Elsayed, Kirsten Gilbert, Michael P. Harms, Laura Hennefield, and colleagues. The researchers recruited 216 children from a study of early onset depression . . .
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