Between July 2019 and July 2020, enrollment in Medicaid and state Children’s Health Insurance Programs (CHIP) increased by about 5.6%, driven in large part by the economic downturn created by the COVID-19 pandemic. In July 2019, enrollment was 71,544,194; by July 2020 enrollment rose to 75,521,263. Across the states the change to Medicaid and CHIP enrollment ranged from a decline of 7.4% in Montana, falling from 270,280 to 250,388, to an increase of 30.2% in Idaho, rising from 265,493 to 345,793. During 2020, Idaho expanded Medicaid to . . .