By Monica E. Oss In 1945, Kaiser Permanente was founded as a nonprofit health maintenance organization (HMO) to serve construction workers by a surgeon running a small hospital near Desert Center, California. Today Kaiser is the nation’s largest integrated health system with its own nonprofit insurance plan, serving 12.4 million consumers in eight states (California, Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Maryland, Oregon, Virginia, Washington) and the District of Columbia with operating revenue of $88.7 billion. Kaiser’s Medicare health plans received five out of five stars in Centers for Medicare and Medicaid stars ratings in D.C. and all states except Washington, where they got 4.5 stars. Kaiser…
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