Nearly 50% of male jail detainees incarcerated in three small, local correctional centers in North Carolina had post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Approximately 25% of male jail detainees had panic disorder (PD), and reported experiencing a panic attack in the past 12 months. More than 33% had moderate or severe alcohol use disorder (AUD). About a quarter of detainees had symptoms of all three conditions. PD alone had the highest association with violent offenses. Detainees with combined PTSD, PD, and AUD were even more likely to have committed a violent offense. The researchers proposed that male detainees who experienced panic . . .