In families with a member who has been incarcerated, the family members experience long-term declines in their health and well-being. Compared to families with no incarceration experience, projected life expectancy was 2.6 years lower for adults who experienced incarceration of a family member. More than half of the adult population in the United States has ever had an immediate or extended family member incarcerated. Experience with family member incarceration more common among Black adults than non-Hispanic white adults. About 45% of adults have had an immediate family member who was incarcerated. Among adults who had not . . .