Men with heart failure have worse long-term survival rates if they have severe mental illness (SMI) defined as severe depression, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia. Seven years after heart failure, men with SMI were 36% more likely to die from any cause than those without SMI. The risk of death over 10 years increased from 54.8% in men without SMI, to 64.3% for men with SMI. There is no major difference in risk of death between women with and without SMI. People with SMI were approximately seven years younger at the time of their heart failure diagnosis than . . .
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